Melbourne: History and Heritage

Heritage Buildings

Upper Goulburn Valley Goldfields
In the 1860s the mountainous terrain of the Upper Goulburn Valley was invaded by thousands of miners after alluvial gold was first disovered at Raspberry Creek in 1859. Today the Goulburn and Jamieson Rivers are popular for trout fishing, canoeing, 4-wheel driving and gold fossicking in and around the ghost towns and gold mines on and beyond the Yarra Track.

Industrial Heritage

For much of its history Melbourne has been Australia's largest single centre of manufacturing. Once the gold rushes of the 1850s increased Melbourne's population more than fourfold in a decade and a policy of import protection was implemented in the 1860s, manufacturing became the biggest sector of the Melbourne economy and the main source of employment. Protective tariffs probably contributed to the pre-eminence of manufacturing in Melbourne.

From the mid-1970s, a globalised 'new economy' created investment and job opportunities in a broad range of industries, but heralded the beginning of the end for manufacturing in Australia, and Melbourne in particular. Many of Melbourne's iconic industrial buildings have been adapted for other uses.

Industrial Heritage Sites >>

Melbourne's Top Museums

Museum Victoria

Museum Victoria operates four very different museums situated at three separate locations. Melbourne Museum, located just north of the Melbourne CBD, focuses on the natural environment, life, culture and history of the state of Victoria. Entry fees apply.

Scienceworks is located in an old Pumping Station 5 km from Melbourne CBD, Scienceworks is maze of a hands-on interactive displays than make learning about science fun. It includes the Melbourne Planetarium.

Other Museums

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